Alzheimer’s: Medicare will cover Leqembi for all patients if FDA approves drug, CMS chief says

Chiquita Brooks-LaSure testifies before the Senate Finance Committee during her nomination hearing to be administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services in Washington on Thursday, April 15, 2021.
Caroline Brehman | CQ-Roll Call, Inc. | Getty Images
Medicare will cover the new Alzheimer’s treatment Leqembi for all patients eligible under the medication’s label if the Food and Drug Administration fully approves the drug in July, a federal official told members of Congress on Wednesday.

The official, Chiquita Brooks-LaSure testified before Congress Wednesday for the first time since her confirmation as administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

Brooks-LaSure faced pointed criticism from Democrat and Republican members of the House Subcommittee on Health over Medicare‘s controversial coverage policy for new Alzheimer’s treatments.

The Food and Drug Administration approved Leqembi, which is a collaboration by Biogen and Eisai antibody treatment, on an expedited basis in January.

Twice-monthly intravenous infusions of the drug, generically known as lecanemab, have shown promise in slowing the progression of early Alzheimer’s disease.

But Medicare, which primarily provides health coverage to senior citizens, currently will only cover the majority of costs for Leqembi for patients participating in federally approved clinical trials.

Because Eisai’s clinical trial for the drug has already concluded, that policy means Medicare-enrollees with Alzheimer’s cannot access the treatment, which costs $26,500 per year unless they pay out of pocket

Brooks-LaSure on Wednesday told the committee that the policy will change when the FDA approves the drug, as expected in July.

“The people who will be eligible will be based on the FDA label,” Brooks-LaSure testified.

“When FDA approves the drug, whichever populations they say it is appropriate for, that will be the basis of which people will get the drug,” she said.

Rep. Nanette Barragan, D-CA, pressed Brooks-LaSure for clarity.

“So you’re basically saying that all patients indicated for the drug lecanemab and any future therapies in the class will have coverage upon full approval?” Barragan asked.

Brooks-LaSure answered: “That’s right.”

The FDA’s label for Leqembi under the agency’s expedited approval says the treatment should be used for patients who have mild dementia due to Alzheimer’s, and have confirmed through testing that they have brain plaque associated with the disease, among other conditions.

It is unclear if the FDA’s label would change in any way if Leqembi receives full approval in July.

CMS’ coverage policy for Alzheimer’s drugs has created confusion and sparked controversy.

The agency has said that Medicare will cover patients who participate in federally approved “registries” that collect data on the drug after the treatment receives full approval.

The requirement to participate in registries approved by CMS has sowed concern that access to Leqembi could still be limited even after full FDA approval.

Brooks-LaSure on Wednesday said that a registry “in no way limits people from getting access to the drug.”

“All that we are indicating is that individuals who are taking the drug, their doctors will put that information in a privately owned registry,” the CMS administrator said.

But the registries still need to be set up for patients.

Brook-LaSure said the goal is to have the registries ready for enrollment by July 6 should the FDA fully approve Leqembi on that date.

“Private sector entities right now can start setting them up,” Brooks-LaSure told the committee.

Rep. Anna Eshoo, D-CA, criticized Medicare for not providing clear information to patients and doctors about what exactly the registries are and how they will work.

“If doctors don’t know, if patients don’t know, and Medicare doesn’t really seem to know what this registry entails, how are Medicare patients going to get the drug potentially beginning in July?” Eshoo asked.

Rep. Morgan Griffith, R-VA, accused CMS of effectively undercutting the FDA’s expedited approval of Leqembi by imposing restrictions that make the drug largely unavailable to seniors.

Unlike Medicare, the Veterans Health Administration has agreed to cover Leqembi for veterans who are over age 65 and meet other eligibility criteria.

“You’ve turned yourself into a scientific regulatory body by denying paying for the Alzheimer’s medication that this subcommittee and this committee on a bipartisan basis worked hard to make sure was available to patients of Alzheimer’s,” Griffith told Brooks-LaSure.

Brooks-LaSure told the committee that Medicare is bound by law.

“Our requirement by law is to do a determination of whether a drug is reasonable and necessary for the Medicare population,” the CMS administrator said.

Griffith asked: “So you say we need to change your laws?

“Of course, Congress has the authority to change our rules,” Brooks-LaSure said.