President Trump’s ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki R. Haley, said on Tuesday that she would resign at the end of the year, marking the departure of one of the few high-profile women in the Trump administration.
Ms. Haley, a former Republican governor of South Carolina, had been an early and frequent critic of Mr. Trump, but he named her to the United Nations job weeks after his election. As ambassador, Ms. Haley has been an outspoken and often forceful envoy — someone whom foreign diplomats looked to for guidance from an administration known for haphazard and inconsistent policy positions — who emerged as something of a star amid the dysfunction of the president’s first national security team.
“It was a blessing to go into the U.N. with body armor every day and defend America,” Ms. Haley, seated next to Mr. Trump in the Oval Office, told reporters. “I’ll never truly step aside from fighting for our country. But I will tell you that I think it’s time.”
White House staff members were caught off guard by the announcement, which Ms. Haley and Mr. Trump had kept closely under wraps. But the president said Ms. Haley had informed him roughly six months ago that she wanted to take a break by the time his administration reached its second anniversary. He said that he hoped Ms. Haley would return in a different role, and that he would name her successor in the coming weeks.
“She’s done a fantastic job, and we’ve done a fantastic job together,” Mr. Trump said. “We’re all happy for you in one way, but we hate to lose you.”
Speaking to reporters on Air Force One as he flew to a rally in Iowa, Mr. Trump said he was considering a short list of five candidates to replace Ms. Haley, including Dina Powell, a former deputy national security adviser. Earlier he said that his daughter Ivanka Trump “would be incredible, but it doesn’t mean I’d pick her.”
Another possibility is Richard A. Grenell, the American ambassador to Germany, who served as a spokesman for John R. Bolton, the current national security adviser, when he was ambassador to the United Nations under President George W. Bush. Mr. Trump said he would consider Mr. Grenell but added, “I’d personally rather keep Ric where he is.”
Ms. Haley is said to have a strained relationship with Mr. Bolton, a longtime critic of the United Nations and a more dominant figure than his predecessor, Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster. But she has been closely allied with Ms. Trump and her husband, Jared Kushner. The couple held a dinner in New York months ago celebrating Ms. Haley’s tenure there, and during her appearance with Mr. Trump on Tuesday, she singled them both out for praise.
“Jared is such a hidden genius that no one understands,” Ms. Haley said. “And Ivanka has been just a great friend, and they do a lot of things behind the scenes that I wish more people knew about, because we’re a better country because they’re in this administration.”
People close to Ms. Haley insisted there was nothing behind her decision other than fatigue after nearly two years in a rigorous job. She also wanted to make her decision known before the midterms to avoid the potential for an embarrassing departure if the vote were to go against the president.
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Since President Trump’s inauguration, White House staffers and cabinet officials have left in firings and resignations, one after the other.
Ms. Haley’s joint appearance with Mr. Trump and his effusive praise for her made her a rarity among officials departing the Trump administration, whom he often criticizes as they go out the door. But the timing irked some West Wing aides, who saw the announcement as taking attention away from the swearing-in of Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh and his first day at the Supreme Court.
Soon after her arrival in New York, Ms. Haley, the first cabinet-level United Nations ambassador for a Republican administration since the end of the Cold War, quickly made clear that she saw the position as a steppingstone to a higher political office — a possibility that Mr. Trump may have resented.
She became a far more visible face of American foreign policy than her first boss at the State Department, former Secretary of State Rex W. Tillerson, and Time magazine celebrated Ms. Haley’s ascendance by putting her on its cover as one of the women who are “changing the world.”
But Mike Pompeo, Mr. Tillerson’s replacement, has recently reasserted the secretary of state’s traditional role, and with Mr. Bolton a sometime antagonist, she had less of a role than at the start of the administration.
Ms. Haley, who has long been seen as a potential presidential candidate, said on Tuesday that she had no intention of running in 2020, as has been speculated. Instead, she said, she plans to campaign for Mr. Trump’s re-election.
In the short term, people familiar with her thinking said that she is likely to work in the private sector and make some money.
After nearly eight years in government — six years as governor of South Carolina in addition to her time at the United Nations — her 2018 financial disclosure report shows Ms. Haley has at least $1.5 million in debts, including a mortgage of more than $1 million.
For the moment, few Republican strategists believe that Ms. Haley is inclined to run against Mr. Trump. But those who know her believe that she is likely to run in 2024, or even in 2020 should the president not run again.
“An open presidential race is a better chance to show off her incredible political skills, rather than some quixotic primary effort,” said Matt Moore, who was the Republican Party chairman in South Carolina when Ms. Haley was governor there.
The daughter of immigrants from India, Ms. Haley favored free markets and global trade and earned international attention when she was South Carolina’s governor for speaking out against the display of the Confederate battle flag in front of the State House in the aftermath of the 2015 massacre at a black church in Charleston. During Mr. Trump’s presidential campaign, she sharply criticized his demeanor and warned what it might mean for American diplomacy — even suggesting that his tendency to lash out at critics could cause a world war.
Those disagreements continued after she joined his administration.
Ms. Haley acknowledged her policy disagreements with the president in an op-ed in The Washington Post last month when she criticized an anonymous senior administration official who wrote an opinion piece in The New York Times describing a chaotic administration in which many of the president’s aides disagreed with their boss.
“I don’t agree with the president on everything,” Ms. Haley wrote. “When there is disagreement, there is a right way and a wrong way to address it. I pick up the phone and call him or meet with him in person.”
Last December, Ms. Haley said that women who had accused Mr. Trump of sexual misconduct “should be heard, and they should be dealt with.” It was a surprising break from the administration’s longstanding assertion that the accusations were false, and that voters rightly dismissed them when they elected Mr. Trump.
“I think any woman who has felt violated or felt mistreated in any way, they have every right to speak up,” Ms. Haley told CBS.
In April, Ms. Haley announced that the administration would impose sanctions on Russian companies found to be assisting Syria’s chemical weapons program. It was part of a menu of options on how to retaliate against a suspected gas attack that killed dozens on April 7. But the next day, the White House announced that Mr. Trump had decided not to go forward with the sanctions, contradicting Ms. Haley.
The White House said she had gotten “ahead of the curve,” and one official attributed Ms. Haley’s statement to “momentary confusion.” Ms. Haley testily responded that she did not “get confused.”
At the State Department, however, officials quietly applauded Ms. Haley’s strong words on Russia. With Mr. Trump refusing to criticize President Vladimir V. Putin and some of his advisers reluctant to get too far in front of him, they felt she was stepping into a vacuum.
Last month, Ms. Haley collided with Mr. Bolton after she announced that Mr. Trump would lead a session of the United Nations Security Council devoted entirely to Iran. After European officials protested that doing so would showcase divisions in the West because of Mr. Trump’s decision to pull out of the Iran nuclear deal, the White House broadened the theme to countering weapons of mass destruction.
Mr. Bolton did not criticize Ms. Haley. But he drove the decision to shift the agenda. White House officials noted that under United Nations rules, Iran would have been entitled to send its president to the meeting — setting up the awkward possibility that Mr. Trump would have sat across a table from Iran’s leader.
Ms. Haley also favored negotiating the continued participation of the United States in the Global Compact for Migration, a senior administration official said. But officials at the White House opposed it, and the United States announced last December it was pulling out.
At times, though, Ms. Haley seemed more in sync with Mr. Trump on policy than other members of his national security team, and she did not hesitate to highlight that. She spoke out forcefully in favor of the president’s formal recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, as well as his decision to cut American funding to Palestinian refugees.
Ms. Haley has been criticized by Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, a liberal nonprofit watchdog group. On Monday, the group sent a letter to Steve A. Linick, the State Department’s inspector general, asking for an investigation into whether Ms. Haley had violated executive branch regulations on accepting gifts.
The letter said Ms. Haley and her husband accepted seven free flights on luxury private aircraft from three South Carolina businessmen in 2017, at an estimated worth of tens of thousands of dollars.
Representatives for Ms. Haley did not reply to a request for comment.
Federal ethics regulations say that an employee cannot accept any gifts given because of the employee’s official position. The letter noted that Ms. Haley had previously argued that each flight qualified for an exception to the rules because she had a personal relationship with the donors. But the group said Ms. Haley’s relationship with the three chief executives had “significant political and professional components.”
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